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Migrate a Cordova project to Visual Studio 2015

Updated: 8/3/2016

The project structure in Visual Studio 2015 mirrors the project structure of Apache Cordova apps that you create using the Cordova command-line interface (CLI). This allows you to use any third-party tools or CLIs in Visual Studio that are compatible with Cordova, such as Gulp and the Ionic CLI. If you have a Cordova project that was not created in Visual Studio 2015 (such as a project created in Visual Studio 2013) we recommend migrating to Visual Studio 2015. You can import the project into Visual Studio 2015 (recommended), or you can manually migrate a Visual Studio 2013 project to Visual Studio 2015.

Import the project into Visual Studio

For a Cordova project created without Visual Studio 2015, take the following steps.

  1. Make a backup of your existing project (obligatory first step :))

  2. In Visual Studio 2015, choose File, New, Project From Existing Code.

  3. In the wizard, choose Apache Cordova as the project type that you'd like to create, and then choose Next.

    Create a project from existing code

    Note: If you don't see Apache Cordova as an option, you need to install Visual Studio Tools for Apache Cordova.

  4. For the Project file location, browse to the root folder of the Cordova project and select it.

    Select the source project

  5. Type a name for your new project and select Finish.

    Visual Studio adds a few new files to the project. Wait for Bower/NPM updates to the project to finish, if necessary.

Manually migrate a Visually Studio 2013 project to Visual Studio 2015

If you want to manually migrate the old project, take the following steps.

Create a blank project in Visual Studio 2015

  1. If you haven't already, Install Visual Studio 2015 with Visual Studio Tools for Apache Cordova.

    Install Cordova components

  2. Make sure your Visual Studio 2015 setup is correct by creating and running the default Blank App template.

    • In Visual Studio, choose File, New, Project, JavaScript, Apache Cordova Apps, Blank App and name the new project "blank".

      Note For TypeScript projects, you can use the TypeScript equivalent of this same project.

    • Choose Windows, Local Machine and press F5 to run the app (make sure the app loads correctly). If any issues occur, see Configure the Tools or Read up on additional known issues.

Update your existing project

  1. Make a backup of your existing project (obligatory first step :))

  2. In Windows, open the folder where you created the Blank App project (which you named "blank" in the previous steps).

  3. Copy blank.jsproj and taco.json from this folder to your existing project folder.

    Updating the project files

  4. Delete the older .jsproj file and, optionally, rename blank.jsproj to re-use the old name.

  5. In your older project, create a new folder named www in the same location as the res folder and config.xml.

  6. In your existing project, delete the following folders:

    • bin
    • bld
  7. Leave the following folders and files where they are in your project:

    • merges
    • res
    • plugins
    • config.xml
  8. Copy all other files and folders, including index.html, into the new www folder.

    Updated VS 2015 project

    Note If you're using TypeScript, you'll need to add a tsconfig.json to your project folder and define config settings for your project. See the Configuring TypeScript section for details.

  9. Open the .jsproj file in Visual Studio 2015.

    Here is what this example project looks like in Solution Explorer.

    Updated VS 2015 project

Now you can build and run your application by pressing F5 with the desired platform and device selected.

Note If you have errors, you may need to update file references to reflect the new folder structure.

Update Configl.xml

Next, you need to make sure that your icons and splash screens are picked up correctly in the updated project.

  1. In Visual Studio's Solution Explorer, open config.xml.

  2. From the config.xml shortcut menu, choose View Code.

  3. In config.xml, replace the platform section, such as the following:

    <vs:platformSpecificValues>
    <vs:platformSpecificWidget platformName="windows" id="" version="0.0.0.0">
    <vs:name />
    </vs:platformSpecificWidget>
    </vs:platformSpecificValues>
    

    with this xml:

    <platform name="android">
    <icon src="res/icons/android/icon-36-ldpi.png" density="ldpi" />
    <icon src="res/icons/android/icon-48-mdpi.png" density="mdpi" />
    <icon src="res/icons/android/icon-72-hdpi.png" density="hdpi" />
    <icon src="res/icons/android/icon-96-xhdpi.png" density="xhdpi" />
    </platform>
    <platform name="ios">
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-60-3x.png" width="180" height="180" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-60.png" width="60" height="60" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-60-2x.png" width="120" height="120" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-76.png" width="76" height="76" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-76-2x.png" width="152" height="152" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-40.png" width="40" height="40" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-40-2x.png" width="80" height="80" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-57.png" width="57" height="57" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-57-2x.png" width="114" height="114" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-72.png" width="72" height="72" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-72-2x.png" width="144" height="144" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-small.png" width="29" height="29" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-small-2x.png" width="58" height="58" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-50.png" width="50" height="50" />
    <icon src="res/icons/ios/icon-50-2x.png" width="100" height="100" />
    </platform>
    <platform name="windows">
    <icon src="res/icons/windows/Square150x150Logo.scale-100.png" width="150" height="150" />
    <icon src="res/icons/windows/Square150x150Logo.scale-240.png" width="360" height="360" />
    <icon src="res/icons/windows/Square30x30Logo.scale-100.png" width="30" height="30" />
    <icon src="res/icons/windows/Square310x310Logo.scale-100.png" width="310" height="310" />
    <icon src="res/icons/windows/Square44x44Logo.scale-240.png" width="106" height="106" />
    <icon src="res/icons/windows/Square70x70Logo.scale-100.png" width="70" height="70" />
    <icon src="res/icons/windows/Square71x71Logo.scale-240.png" width="170" height="170" />
    <icon src="res/icons/windows/StoreLogo.scale-100.png" width="50" height="50" />
    <icon src="res/icons/windows/StoreLogo.scale-240.png" width="120" height="120" />
    <icon src="res/icons/windows/Wide310x150Logo.scale-100.png" width="310" height="150" />
    <icon src="res/icons/windows/Wide310x150Logo.scale-240.png" width="744" height="360" />
    </platform>
    <platform name="wp8">
    <icon src="res/icons/wp8/ApplicationIcon.png" width="62" height="62" />
    <icon src="res/icons/wp8/Background.png" width="173" height="173" />
    </platform>
    <platform name="android">
    <splash src="res/screens/android/screen-hdpi-landscape.png" density="land-hdpi"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/android/screen-ldpi-landscape.png" density="land-ldpi"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/android/screen-mdpi-landscape.png" density="land-mdpi"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/android/screen-xhdpi-landscape.png" density="land-xhdpi"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/android/screen-hdpi-portrait.png" density="port-hdpi"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/android/screen-ldpi-portrait.png" density="port-ldpi"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/android/screen-mdpi-portrait.png" density="port-mdpi"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/android/screen-xhdpi-portrait.png" density="port-xhdpi"/>
    </platform>
    <platform name="ios">
    <splash src="res/screens/ios/screen-iphone-portrait.png" width="320" height="480"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/ios/screen-iphone-portrait-2x.png" width="640" height="960"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/ios/screen-ipad-portrait.png" width="768" height="1024"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/ios/screen-ipad-portrait-2x.png" width="1536" height="2048"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/ios/screen-ipad-landscape.png" width="1024" height="768"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/ios/screen-ipad-landscape-2x.png" width="2048" height="1536"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/ios/screen-iphone-568h-2x.png" width="640" height="1136"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/ios/screen-iphone-portrait-667h.png" width="750" height="1334"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/ios/screen-iphone-portrait-736h.png" width="1242" height="2208"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/ios/screen-iphone-landscape-736h.png" width="2208" height="1242"/>
    </platform>
    <platform name="windows">
    <splash src="res/screens/windows/SplashScreen.scale-100.png" width="620" height="300"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/windows/SplashScreen.scale-240.png" width="1152" height="1920"/>
    <splash src="res/screens/windows/SplashScreenPhone.scale-240.png" width="1152" height="1920"/>
    </platform>
    <platform name="wp8">
    <splash src="res/screens/wp8/SplashScreenImage.jpg" width="480" height="800"/>
    </platform>
    

    Now, icons and splash screens should load correctly when you run the app!

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